Wrinkles are folds and lines which appear on the surface of the skin as we age. They can occur anywhere, but usually first begin to appear around the eyes, on the forehead and around the mouth.
WHAT CAUSES WRINKLES?
Wrinkles are an inevitable sign of ageing. Laughing, concentrating, squinting or frowning; whenever you move your face your muscles contract. After years of frequent contraction, combined with environmental and lifestyle factors - such as exposure to sunshine, smoking or pollution - lines and wrinkles begin to form
As we age, collagen and elastin in the skin begin to deplete, causing it to lose its natural firmness and elasticity.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How can I prevent wrinkles?
Ageing skin is a part of life, but there are some measures we can take to help slow the process down, such as:
- Wear sunscreen daily.
- Wear a wide-brimmed sun hat and sunglasses.
- Use skincare products containing anti-ageing ingredients such as peptides and vitamin A.
- Avoid smoking.
- Invest in professional skin treatments which stimulate collagen production.
How to get rid of wrinkles
Wrinkles, though inevitable, needn’t be permanent. There are a number of professional skin treatments designed to address fine lines and wrinkles - and even help prevent them. These include anti-ageing injectable treatments such as BOTOX®, dermal fillers, and treatments designed to strip back ageing skin and encourage collagen production, such as laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion and skin peels.
Surgical treatments for wrinkles
Wrinkles can be treated surgically via a procedure known as a facelift (or ‘rhytidectomy’). This involves a surgeon lifting up the loose skin on your face, pulling it tighter to help smooth out wrinkles and eliminate sagging. The operation can be carried out on your entire face or on targeted areas such as the brows or neck.
What is collagen and elastin?
Collagen is a protein which is present throughout the body, especially in the connective tissues and the skin. It’s what gives our skin its structure and firmness. Elastin is also a protein. As its name suggests, its main characteristic is elasticity; it allows the skin to bounce back to its original smoothness after being stretched or contracted.
Best skincare ingredients for wrinkles?
There are many skincare products designed to help combat the signs of ageing. Effective anti-ageing ingredients you should look out for include:
- Hyaluronic acid - helps to maintain skin’s hydration
- Retinol - a form of vitamin A which helps address the signs of ageing
- Alpha-hydroxy Acids (AHAs) - an effective exfoliant
- Vitamins C and E - antioxidants for fighting free radicals
NATURAL REMEDIES FOR WRINKLES
Skin peels involve applying a special chemical formula to the face, which gradually causes the upper layers of aged or damaged skin to peel away. They are mostly painless; deeper peels can cause a slight burning sensation, a bit like sunburn. Chemical peels leave a smoother complexion, with wrinkles appearing reduced or eliminated entirely.
The muscles in your face contract due to a signal sent from the brain via nerves. Non-surgical anti-ageing injectables work by interrupting this signal, leaving the muscles relaxed and unable to crease the skin.
For deeper, more established wrinkles, dermal fillers may be considered. Treatment involves injecting a medically developed solution under the skin with a fine needle to plump and fill lines and grooves.They have almost immediate results (from 48 hours following treatment) and last up to 12 months.
Sculptra™ is used to treat a range of skin concerns, including lack of volume and shallow-to-deep wrinkles and folds, such as smile, marionette and lipstick lines, and those on the corners of the mouth.
Microneedling uses small needles to cause tiny punctures on the surface of the skin. These small contact points encourage the body to create a wound healing response and renew the skin cells. As your skin repairs, the production of collagen and elastin is triggered and lines and wrinkles are softened.
A thread lift is an anti-ageing treatment that uses specialised surgical threads to lift sagging skin and smooth lines and wrinkles. The threads are made from Poly-L-Lactic acid, a naturally occurring substance which gradually stimulates collagen production.