Teenage acne: This commonly occurs during puberty, when the skin's oil glands become overly stimulated by production of the hormone testosterone, which is normal in both males and females.
Adult acne or late-onset acne: We sometimes think of acne as being a teenage problem, but sk:n and lots of renowned dermatology clinics around the world treat many men and women in their 20s, 30s, 40s and even 50s.
How does adult acne differ from teenage acne? Adult acne differs markedly from the spots of your teenage years, both in how it appears and how it is treated.
Teenagers usually see hundreds or thousands of tiny bumps, blackheads or whiteheads on the skin of the face, especially the forehead, along with the occasional cyst on the chest and back. That's because teenage skin tends to be a little stickier so they are more likely than adults to get clogged pores. In adults, acne is more likely to appear on the lower part of the face, especially around the mouth and jawline. It's usually deeper nodules or red papules in those areas. The fine little bumps of teenage acne can still happen in adulthood, but are much less common.
Adult acne in women: Roughly 80 per cent of late-onset acne is found in women, due to the various hormonal changes that occur during a woman's life, such as menstrual periods, menopause and, for some, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and pregnancy. In fact, these changes account for almost three quarters of adult female acne cases. The majority of women with acne have normal androgen levels, but hormonal testing is recommended for those who have acne accompanied by excess facial or body hair, a deepening voice, or irregular or infrequent menstrual periods.
Adult acne in men: Almost 43 per cent of men in their 20s and 20 per cent of those in their 30s get acne. In fact, the average age for acne sufferers is now mid to late 20s. Hormones play the biggest part, but outbreaks can also be exacerbated by stress, tiredness and sudden changes in lifestyle.