Acne is one of the most widespread skin conditions that exists. It causes spots and pimples, especially on your face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. There are different types of acne but the most common may include spots such as whiteheads and blackheads, or more severe spots like cysts and nodules. Acne is not dangerous, but it may leave skin scars.
It commonly starts appearing during puberty and, for the majority, it usually disappear by the late teens or early twenties. However, it can persist for longer in some people. Women are more likely than men to have mild to moderate acne into their 30s and beyond. If your skin tends to be oily, you may be more prone to have this condition.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
Although there are different factors that cause this common skin condition, most experts agree that acne is thought to be triggered mainly by increased levels of an androgen hormone called testosterone, which happens during puberty. Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under your skin to grow. These enlarged glands produce more sebum, and the excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and both substances form a plug in the follicle. When this plugged follicle is close to your skin’s surface, it creates the whitehead or blackhead that you are experiencing.
Other factors may include:
- Greasy cosmetics
- Lack of good nutrition
- Some medications that contain androgen and lithium
ACNE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Acne can take varying forms. The following are the most common types of acne that you may have:
Covered by a thin layer of your skin, appear as white bumps or spots.
Rise to your skin surface and appear as a dark bump (this is not due to dirt).
Appear on your skin as small tender pink lumps, visible on the surface of your skin, and can be sensitive and painful.
May appear white or yellow on top and red at the bottom, generally pus-filled. Popping your pustules can lead to acne scarring.
Large, painful pimples that are embedded deep in your skin. They don’t generally contain pus but are hard to the touch.
Painful, filled with pus and can cause you scars, and require professional medical treatment.