Acne is one of the most widespread and psychologically distressing chronic (persistent) skin conditions that exists. Acne has several stages, each distinguished by the type of spots that you are suffering with. This may include common spots such as whiteheads and blackheads, or more severe spots such as cysts and nodules.

The disease is caused by a sensitivity to androgen hormones. Specifically, it is sensitivity to the hormone derivative of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, known as DHT - that triggers the condition.

There is conflicting research regarding the relationship between diet and acne.

Boy with acneIndividual foods cannot cause acne; however lack of good nutrition will reduce the skin's capacity to fight infection and heal itself. Low levels of antioxidants allow free radical formation, which can further damage the skin tissue. Low levels of Free Fatty Acids, particularly Linoleic Acid, will reduce the skin's natural barrier defences and acid mantle. So it's a good idea to eat a healthy, balanced diet and take Vitamin C and Zinc supplements to increase the skin's healing capacity and defences against infection.

Likewise, acne cannot be blamed on poor hygiene. It is a systemically caused (affecting the whole body) inflammatory condition and is not due to an individual being unclean. A thorough skincare regime is however vital in removing surface grime, make-up and dead skin cells, which cause skin congestion. In fact, being too clean can actually aggravate acne as an overly harsh cleansing regime will trigger further oil production, cause dehydration and disturb the vital acid balance and barrier function of the skin against infection.

What does acne look like?

Acne can take varying forms. It can appear as any of the following, which helps us to categorise the type of acne you have:

Types of Acne Infographic

The nine types of acne

There are many different types of acne, which makes a personalised treatment plan very important. We highly recommend you attend a sk:n acne consultation, where our expert practitioner will be able to diagnose the type of acne you have and grade its severity as either mild, moderate or severe. To introduce you to the different types of acne, please read on:

1 - Acne Vulgaris ▼
2 - Steroid Acne ▼
3 - Acne Cosmetica ▼
4 - Acne Conglobta or Nodulocystic Acne ▼
5 - Excoriated Acne ▼
6 - Acne Mechanica ▼
7 - Acne Rosacea ▼
8 - Pyoderma Faciale ▼
9 - Acne Fulminans ▼
Minimising Acne

Our range of market-leading, clinically proven products are also an ideal solution. Click here to view our Anti-Blemish range and follow our plan for clear skin.

Although there is no cure for acne, there are a number of specialised treatments available to help significantly reduce its symptoms. It is important for you to receive the correct diagnosis for your very individual acne, so that you are best equipped to treat and control it. Our medical professionals are experts in dealing with acne prone skin helping over 4,000 people each year so you can be sure you are in the safest hands.


I'm constantly hoping and praying that I'll find something that will finally clear my skin up properly. I want to feel like an adult and not a pimply teenager

Devi, 25


At sk:n, we combine expertly formulated products with clinically proven treatments to provide you with an individual plan for clear skin. Upon your consultation, your practitioner will advise you of the best option for your particular acne type and individual means.

Skin Peels- Our chemical skin peels for acne contain a patented carrier solution which allows the active ingredients to be absorbed into the skin. This new technology enhances the rate of exfoliation for greater results and reduced surface trauma. Find out more >

A Pyruvic peel contains a natural occurring acid that penetrates deep into the skin. The peel stimulates collagen and elastin production, as well as gently exfoliating the skin to make it appear tighter and clearer. A Pyruvic peel can be used to tackle photoageing and acne and is ideal if you desire firmer, more evenly toned looking skin.

A Salicylic peel is especially formulated to treat acne, with active ingredients to reduce the oil production and inflammation associated with acne. The peel exfoliates the skin, encouraging the removal of dead cells, dirt and sebum from the pores.

Isolaz - This double action blue-light and vacuum technology targets both the upper and lower layers of the skin to help fight acne. Isolaz uses a broadband light to heat up the dermal layer of skin, destroying acne causing bacteria, as well as reducing inflammation. Simultaneously, the pore-cleansing vacuum helps to loosen and extract blackheads and excess oil from deep within your pores. Find out more >


Acne Scarring Treatments

There are four main types of acne scarring (illustrated below) and this will determine the type of treatment you have. At your consultation you will discuss this with your doctor to find out which best corresponds to your particular condition and (s)he will then discuss all potential treatments with you, such as the ones to be found here.

Types of Acne Scarring


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Related Treatments