Pigmentation can be defined as the colouration of the skin. Our body contains a pigment called melanin which determines the colour of our skin, hair and eyes. Darker skin types will have more melanin in their skin cells than those with lighter skin.
When skin cells are healthy, your skin will appear normal and even. However, when skin cells become damaged or unhealthy, extra melanin is produced to help protect your skin. Alternatively, the cells that produce pigment can be damaged, which prevents melanin production. As a result, parts of your skin may turn lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation), both of which are recognisable skin conditions.
Pigmentation can occur for a variety of reasons including over exposure to the sun, genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions and trauma to the skin (such as burns or as a result of spots and picking). The effects can also become more obvious as we age and if left untreated and unprotected can worsen.
It is important to help protect the skin from damage; wearing an SPF on a daily basis can defend against harmful UVA and UVB rays which may worsen pigmentation. A healthy lifestyle and an effective skincare routine can also help clear the skin. Using products which contain sulforaphane such as sk:n Brightening cream, will help lighten pigmentation. You can also use an exfoliator that includes glycolic acid; an active ingredient that removes dead skin cells and lightens dark marks.
At sk:n, we offer a range of treatments which can help with pigmentation, giving your skin a brighter and clearer look.
I no longer cover my face with lots of make-up; my dark marks have cleared and I feel much more comfortable in my skin
Anita Parmar, Birmingham
sk:n offer a variety of industry-leading treatments to help reduce pigmentation. Upon your consultation your expert practitioner will advise you of the best option for your individual case.
There are a number of skin peels that are designed to treat pigmentation for your skin type and tone. The treatment involves applying a non-toxic chemical to the skin to encourage natural exfoliation and remove imperfections. As dead skin cells are removed, pigmentation is reduced.
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Fraxel uses thousands of microscopic laser columns to penetrate deep down into the skin creating miniscule wounds. The wounds trigger the body's natural healing response, stimulating the growth of fresh, clear and healthy skin cells.
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This effective laser resurfacing treatment can be used to treat pigmentation. The laser device targets the superficial and deeper layers of your skin to create a wound healing response and promote fresh new skin. The result: a more even skin tone and a brighter overall complexion.
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