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JOWLS: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Understanding the condition and ultimately finding out 'How to get rid of Jowls'.

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HAEMATOMA: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

What is a haematoma?

A haematoma is a bruise-like mark on the skin caused by blood pooling beneath the surface.

What causes haematomas?

Haematomas are usually caused by some sort of tissue trauma, such as a bump or fall, or after surgery. This trauma damages the blood vessels, causing blood to leak out into the surrounding tissue. People who are on certain types of medication, such as blood thinners like warfarin, are more likely to suffer from haematomas.

How can I prevent haematomas?

Haematomas are difficult to prevent because it’s not always possible to predict when you are likely to suffer a trauma. If you know you are susceptible to haematomas because of medication or an underlying condition, it’s best to avoid high-contact activities that might involve tissue trauma.

Natural remedies for haematomas

Haematomas are a result of injury and can in some rare cases be dangerous. If you are concerned about your haematoma, seek medical advice immediately.

If your injury has healed and you are looking for a way to fade the appearance of the bruising, there are a number of at-home remedies that some believe can help speed this process up, including:

  • Topical application of arnica oil
  • Eating pineapple (it contains bromelain which is believed reduce inflammation and bruising)
  • Topical application of comfrey oil

Treatments for haematomas

Some haematomas can be treated in a similar way to port wine stain (vascular) birthmarks and thread veins, using a specialised laser. A dermatologist would be able to determine whether or not your haematoma can be treated in this way, or if it’s best to let it fade naturally.

FAQs about Haematoma

Are haematomas dangerous?

Whether or not a haematoma is dangerous might depend on where it occurs. For example, a haematoma on the brain (usually referred to as a subdural haematoma) could be very serious and needs immediate medical attention. If you’ve had a trauma to the head and are feeling drowsy, sick or in severe pain, seek medical help immediately.

Haematomas on the surface of the skin aren’t generally dangerous and usually disappear themselves once the damaged blood vessels have healed and the body has naturally disposed of the leaked blood through the lymph system. If your haematoma is very painful, swollen, or appears to be getting worse, seek medical attention immediately.

Do haematomas go away on their own?

Most minor haematomas will disappear after a few months. If you have a large haematoma due to surgery, this might take longer to heal and in some cases can require further surgery to rectify. More serious haematomas such as subdural haematomas (a bleed on the brain) usually require surgical treatment.  

What’s the difference between a bruise and a haematoma?

Haematomas and bruises are really the same thing, but we tend to use the term haematoma when we are talking about a larger trauma and therefore a larger collection of blood.

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