How can your hormones cause wrinkles and spots?

Hormones are chemical messengers controlled by the endocrine system, transferring information between sets of cells. They affect our skin in a number of ways throughout our lives.

Acne

The first time we really notice the effects of hormones is during puberty. Acne, common to both girls and boys, is caused by the over-production of testosterone, creating enlarged pores that are then blocked by an increase in sebum, an oily substance in the skin.

Don’t touch or squeeze spots, it could cause scars. Instead, wash your face twice a day with a mild soap or cleanser and lukewarm water.

Pre-menstrual breakouts

As many women know, an imbalance of oestrogen and progesterone is common during PMS and a well known cause of spots and greasy skin. Keep skin cleansed at night and fight the urge to squeeze!

Wrinkles

Oestrogen helps make collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, which keep the skin tight and supple. It drops as a woman grows older and the skin starts to lose elasticity, resulting in fine lines and wrinkles, especially around the eyes. Over time, skin becomes thinner, drier and more wrinkle-prone.

Always protect skin with an SPF moisturiser and if practical, sunglasses. Keep hydrated and invest in a good night cream to keep skin plump.

Rosacea

Oestrogen is an anti-inflammatory hormone, and as levels fall, some women experience blotchy, red, itchy facial patches, known as rosacea.

Thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism)

Low thyroid levels can cause dry, sallow, and sagging skin, as well as melasma, where patches of skin become darker.

In this case dry skin is usually accompanied by unusual tiredness, muscle weakness, joint pains or sensitivity to cold.

Stretch marks

Glucocorticoides, produced by the adrenal glands during puberty, pregnancy, or weight changes, put stress on the skin's collagen and elastin, causing these fibres to tear, making stretch marks. A good specialist skin cream can help decrease visibility.

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