The Facts about Cystic Acne
19 Mar 2014
Cystic acne is far less common, and much more aggressive than your average acne. It presents itself as black and white heads, as well as red and swollen cysts that form in the skin on the face, back, neck and shoulders.
What causes cystic acne?
It is thought that pus filled with dead skin cells, bacteria and white blood cells are what cause the cysts to form, but it is unclear exactly why causes this type of acne. There is no specific age group of skin type that is particularly prone to this form of acne. Genetics, hormonal changes and allergic reactions are thought to play some, undefined role.
It may be tempting, but make sure you don't squeeze the cysts yourself as this could not only spread the bacteria to other areas of your face, but could result in worse scars if done incorrectly. Early treatment is incredibly important to avoid any long term scarring from cysts, so if any sign of acne does arise, it's advisable to visit a dermatologist to discuss the best course of treatment.
You may be given antibiotics, creams or gels, but don't be tempted by self-medicating with harsh acne treatments, as these products can cause the skin to become too dry and make you more likely to break out.
Acne, not just cystic, can leave you with rough patches of skin and deep scars that may require laser treatments such as Fraxel which resurfaces damaged skin. Once you have cystic acne under control, you shouldn't need prescription medication any more to maintain it, treatments such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid and vitamin C should be sufficient.
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