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Acne scars: types and treatments

14th December 2013

Acne scars are usually a result of a long-term acne condition. Severe, inflamed and cystic acne leaves scars, even after the healing process and overtime the acne scarring spreads across our skin and becomes more visible.

Types

Acne scars result from two types of tissue response to the inflammation of acne these being 1) increased tissue formation and 2) loss of tissue.

Scars resulting from increased tissue formation

The scars triggered by increased tissue formation are caused by a build up of collagen in the skin. These are referred to as hypertrophic and keloid scars.

Scars resulting from loss of tissue

Acne scars caused from the loss of tissue are more common than those caused due to the increased tissue formation. There are several of these types of scars as will be shown below.

Atrophic macules

These are soft, flat scars that frequently have a bluish or violet colour to them. Macules tend to fade over time and become less visible.

Superficial and deep soft scars

These vary in size, and have sloping edges that merge with normal skin.

Depressed fibrotic scars

These are generally large scars that have sharp margins and steep sides. They are similar in appearance to deep chicken pox scars.

Treatment

There are a range of acne scar removal methods from a well known skin clinic like sk:n clinics.

Laser treatment for acne scars

Laser treatment for acne scars such as Isolaz® is a newer type of technology, but one that can be very effective and permanent. Isolaz® uses high-tech laser treatment combined with pore-purifying technology; the skin is then purified from the inside and out, leaving your skin looking healthier and clearer for longer. This type of laser treatment for acne has had a great success rate at our sk:n clinics amongst millions of our clients.

Chemical Peels

Using chemical peels has also become one of the most popular acne treatments for acne scar removal. These can help improve small, depressed scars and some larger scars. Peeling may also be effective in treating any remaining acne by removing comedones (blackheads and whiteheads). Repeated and/or deep peels may be essential to improve deep or extensive scarring.

Microdermabrasion

This procedure uses tiny crystals to remove the cells as well as unclogging pores, it is particularly good for treating acne itself as well as the acne scars.

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